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Science Applications

Science Applications are categorized by the 6 major Focus Areas of FFS. To see projects by focus areas, click on area link or scroll down to see all projects.

Physical Fire Processes
Fuel Dynamics
Smoke Emissions and Dispersion
Fire Ecology
Fire and Fuel Management Strategies
Science Synthesis and Delivery

Coarse-Scale Spatial Data for Wildland Fire and Fuel Management | Print |

coarse-scale-thumbA coarse scale assessment and mapping effort was initiated to support national-level fire planning and risk assessments.


FIREHARM: Methods for mapping fire hazard and risk across multiple spatial scales | Print |

Image: FIREHARM mapsSevere fire seasons of the past decade in the western United States have spurred many government agencies to manage lands to reduce fire intensity and severity to ultimately protect human life and property.

FlamMap | Print |

Image: FlamMap logoFlamMap is capable of calculating surface and crown fire behaviors, moisture of fine dead fuels over an entire landscape, simulating fire growth for constant conditions under a minimum travel time (MTT) algorithm, conduct fuel treatment optimization modeling (TOM) for delaying the growth of large fires, and calculate the burn probability for a landscape.

FOFEM - First Order Fire Effects Model | Print |

FOFEM imageFOFEM (a First Order Fire Effects Model) is a computer program for predicting tree mortality, fuel consumption, smoke production, and soil heating caused by prescribed fire or wildfire.

Delayed Tree Mortality Following Fire in Western Conifers | Print |

Image: Delayed Tree Mortality logoAccurate prediction of post-fire tree mortality is critical for making sound land management decisions such as developing burning prescriptions and post-fire salvage marking guidelines.

FuelCalc | Print |

fuelcalc_logo_thumbFuelCalc is a computer program for determining changes in surface and crown fuel loading after thinning, pruning, piling and/or prescribed fire.

Lightning and Fire Occurence in Two, Large Rocky Mountain Wilderness Complexes | Print |

Image: LightningAlthough detailed fire and lightning occurrence data have been compiled for federal lands in the United States in recent decades, little research has been conducted evaluating spatial and/or temporal associations that might be revealed by direct comparisons and spatial analyses of these data.

Predicting Post-fire Douglas-fir Beetle Attacks and Tree Mortality in the Northern Rocky Mountains | Print |

Image: Douglas-firsSurvival of conifers following wildfire depends on the type and degree of injuries sustained and the post-fire environment, which includes weather, stand attributes, and insect and disease population dynamics.

Canopy fuel and biomass data from the Interior; West | Print |

canopyfuels-thumb This data set contains destructively sampled canopy fuel and tree biomass data from five study sites in the Interior West.

The Photoload Fuel Sampling Technique: Estimating Surface Fuel Loadings From Downward-looking Photographs of Synthetic Fuelbeds | Print |

Image: Photoload exampleEstimates of fuel loadings in forest and rangeland ecosystems of the United States are critical for accurately predicting fire behavior and effects of alternative fuel and ecosystem restoration treatments.

BehavePlus Fire Modeling System | Print |

Image: BehavePlus logoThe BehavePlus fire modeling system is a computer program for personal computers.

FFI: Ecological Monitoring Utilities | Print |

Image: FFI logoFFI is an ecological monitoring software application designed to assist managers with collection, storage and analysis of ecological information.

FireFamilyPlus | Print |

The name "Firefamily" has long been associated with a group of computer programs (Firefamily 1978, Firefamily 1988, PCFIRDAT, PCSEASON) developed over 20 years by various groups.

FireWorks featuring Ponderosa, Lodgepole, and Whitebark Pine Forests | Print |

Image: FireWorks logoFireWorks is an educational program about the science of wildland fire, designed for students in grades 1-10.

Automated Forecasting of Smoke Dispersion and Air Quality Using NASA Terra and Aqua Satellite Data | Print |

Image: SmokeAlgorithms and techniques to inform an air quality forecasting system with near real-time satellite observations have been developed, demonstrated, and validated.

FFE-FVS: Development of the Fire and Fuels Extension to the Forest Vegetation Simulator | Print |

FFE-FVS imageThe Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) is a forest growth model that is widely used by forest managers and the research community to provide predictions of how the primary vegetation in forests will change over time (Crookston and Dixon 2005).

FLAME – Fireline Assessment Method | Print |

Image: FLAME logoThere is a clear need for a practical and systematic method of assessing fire behavior and of predicting impending changes, based on fire science.

FLEAT: Evaluating wildfire benefits by integrating fire and ecosystem simulation models in a spatial domain | Print |

fleat-thumbThe accumulation of canopy and surface fuels, coupled with a general warming of the climate, have contributed to an increase in the frequency, severity, and size of wildfires in the western United States.

Climate Drivers of Fire in the Northern Rockies: Past, Present and Future | Print |

Image: Tree StudyForest fires were widespread throughout the US northern Rocky Mountains during the regional-fire years of 2000, 2003, 2006, and 2007.

Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) | Print |

The Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) synthesizes scientific knowledge about fire effects on organisms in the United States, including Alaska and Hawaii.

Historical Wildland Fire Use: Lessons to be Learned from Twenty-five Years of Wilderness Fire Management | Print |

Image: Tree illustrationThe project took place in four large Wilderness areas in the western United States which encompass some of the most fire-prone forests in the western United States.

Mitigating old tree mortality in long-unburned, fire-dependent forests | Print |

oldgrowth-thumbThis report synthesizes the literature and current state of knowledge pertaining to reintroducing fire in stands where it has been excluded for long periods and the impact of these introductory fires on overstory tree injury and mortality.

Prescribed Burning to Protect Large Diameter Pine Trees From Wildfire | Print |

Image: Duff moundsCan We Do It Without Killing the Trees We Are Trying to Save?The use of prescribed fire has become a major tool for restoring fire-dependent ecosystem health throughout the west and use will likely increase in the future.

FUELDYN: Surface Fuel Litterfall and Decomposition in the Northern Rocky Mountains, USA | Print |

Image: FUELDYN trapFire exclusion policies and the successful fire suppression program across western United States and Canadian landscapes over the last 70 years have resulted in excessive accumulations of surface fuels that have increased the potential for severe and potentially dangerous wildland fires.

FVS Presentation Guidelines - Presenting Model Results to the Public | Print |

Image: FVS logoYou’re preparing a presentation for the public. What results would you like to see? What outcome do you hope for? How should you prepare? How will you know you’ve succeeded?

FARSITE: Fire Area Simulator | Print |

Image: FARSITE logoFire growth simulation is intended to adapt existing fire behavior models to operate in a two-dimensional simulation environment.

Fire Characteristics Chart | Print |

bp-firechart_thumbnailThe Fire Characteristics Chart program is a computer program for personal computers.

FIREMON: Fire Effects Monitoring and Inventory Protocol | Print |

Image: FIREMON logoFIREMON: Fire Effects Monitoring and Inventory System is an agency independent plot level sampling system designed to characterize changes in ecosystem attributes over time.

LANDFIRE Prototype | Print |

Image: MapsThe Landscape Fire and Resource Management Planning Tools Prototype Project, or LANDFIRE Prototype Project, began in April of 2002 and ended in April of 2005.