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Physical Fire Processes

Research Brief Description
Fuels and potential fire behavior in balsam woolly adelgid-impacted forests

We are developing a product and methodology that allows rapid assessment of fuels and potential fire hazard in forests impacted by BWA.

Firefighter Safety

Perhaps one of the most critical decisions made by firefighters during daily fire management operations is the identification of suitable safety zones.

SERDP RC20-1025

Wildfire science is currently impeded by gaps between measurements, modeling, and management. This project is using integrative efforts to close those gaps.

Physics of Fire Spread

Understanding the physics of fire spread

WindWizard

Microscale wind simulator using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software.

FireStem

Often fires are managed to support or reduce the presence of specific plant species or sizes. FireStem is a computer model designed to aid fire managers in predicting tree mortality based on fire behavior and intensity.

Surface Wind Measurements

There is a lack of high resolution measurements of wind speed and direction with which to test wind model accuracy. This project is directed at collecting needed data sets in mountainous terrain.

Improving firefighter safety

How studies of energy transport are improving wildland firefighter safety zone guidelines.

RxCadre Project

Obtaining integrated, quality-assured fuels, fire, and atmospheric data for development and evaluation of fuels, fire behavior, smoke, and fire effects models

Surface Wind Modeling

High resolution surface wind modeling in support of fire management

Fire Whirl Research

Understanding fire whirl genesis and impacts to firefighter safety

Clearance Distances

Flames and smoke from wildland fire can increase the possibility of phase-to-phase, phase-to-tower, or phase-to-ground faults that could lead to subsequent power outages and electrocution risk to humans.

Camp Swift research burns

The overall goal for the project is to evaluate the Wildland-Urban Interface Fire Dynamics Simulator (WFDS), a physics-based fire behavior model, using data collected in a full-scale prescribed fire setting.

WindNinja

WindNinja is a computer program that computes spatially varying wind fields for wildland fire application.

Mapping and modeling fuels and fire at the Sycan Marsh, Oregon

Mapping, modeling, and connecting fuels and fire behavior effects at the Sycan Marsh, Oregonp

An ongoing research project focused on multi-scale integration of fire and fuel datasets collected before, during, and following management prescribed fires.

Rifle Bullet Ignition

Rifle Bullets as Ignition Sources for Wildland Fires

Convective Ignition

Convective Ignition of Forest Fuels

Climate Change on Global Fire Danger

Wildfires occur at the intersection of dry weather, available fuel, and ignition sources. Weather is the most variable and largest driver of regional burned area.

Fires in Northern Eurasia

Impacts of Black Carbon from Fires in Northern Eurasia

Burning Rate

Understanding burning rate and residence time of porous fuel beds using wood cribs

Spring Dip

Physiological Drivers of the ‘Spring Dip’ in Red Pine and Jack Pine Foliar Moisture Content and Its Relationship to Crown Fire in the Great Lakes

Wildfire Ignition from Exploding Targets

Tests of Wildfire Ignition from Exploding Targets

Describing Wildland Fuels

Describing and Scaling Physio-chemical Properties of Live and Dead Fuels to Parameterize Physics-based Fire Behavior Models

Flame Structure

Flame Structure in Spreading Laboratory Fires

Mountain Pine Beetle

Quantifying the Potential Effects of Mountain Pine Beetle on Wildland Fire Behavior

Evaluating Fuel Treatment Effectiveness

Using STANDFIRE to test whether fuel treatments are effective in changing fire behavior

Fundamental Wildland Fire Spread Research A program of research for understanding how fire spread occurs with a focus on live fuels and active crown fire
Dry Lightning Strikes

Mapping potential dry lightning strikes

Foliar Moisture Content

Analyzing the ‘spring dip’ in foliar moisture content and its relationship to crown dire activity in the Great Lakes

Fuel Particle Heat Exchange Examining fuel particle heat exchange experimentally and through the use of numerical modeling.